The Information and Ideas category includes questions that focus on what the passage says (directly or indirectly). To interpret the author’s message, you’ll need to consider both what’s stated and what’s implied – or strongly suggested – in the passage.
A note on the images in this article: all Reading Test items will be associated with a passage, but the passages are not included here. Each question pictured is just one example of how items in that category can look.
Some sub-topics within Information and Ideas:
These questions will ask you to identify information and ideas explicitly stated in the text or to draw reasonable inferences and logical conclusions from the text. In some cases, the questions will ask you to apply information and ideas in a text to a new, analogous situation.
Citing textual evidence.
These questions will ask you to cite evidence within the text that best supports a given point or idea.
Determining central ideas and themes.
These questions will ask you to identify the central theme(s) or the main point(s) of the text.
These questions will ask you to recognize an effective summary of a passage or of a part of a passage.
These questions will ask you to draw connections (such as cause-and-effect, comparison-contrast, and sequence) between or among people, events, or ideas in the passage.
Interpreting words and phrases in context.
These questions will ask you to figure out the precise meaning of a particular word or phrase as it’s used in a passage.
You will not need to know the names of these question types for the test, but this list gives you an idea of some of the question types you will encounter.
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